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Thread: Melatonin as a aromatase inhibitor

  1. #1

    Melatonin as a aromatase inhibitor

    this may be old info to some, but i recently just discovered it and found it very interesting.


    Melatonin As Potent as Letrozole in Inhibiting Aromatization of Testosterone to Estrogen - This Raises the Question: Is a Lack of / Bad Sleep to Blame for Breast Cancer?!

    It may sound hilarious to the next best average Joe, but the study results Suthat Chottanap and colleagues from the Chulabhorn Graduate Institute are about to present in one of the next issues of Toxicology in Vitro confirm what SuppVersity readers already knew: It's more than likely that there is a direct link between a lack of quality sleep as people who are working shift works have it and the risk of breast cancer.

    The latter increases in women who do not sleep during the period of the night when melatonin levels are typically at their highest by ~14% (Davis. 2011), an observation that appears only logical in view of what I am about to tell you today.

    Among various naturally occurring, biologically active compounds, resveratrol and melatonin have been suggested to act as aromatase inhibitors, which make them potential candi-dates in hormonal treatment of breast cancer.

    These previous observations were the actual reason why Suthat Chottanap and colleages set up a handful of petri-dishes in which they a co-culture model primary human breast adipose fibroblasts (BAFs) with testosterone and melatonin or resveratrol. It has long been known that these fat cells from the breast tissue can convert testosterone to estradiol, and do thus contribute to the estrogen receptor-mediated growth and proliferation of of breast cancer T47D cell proliferation.

    Figure 1: Anti-aromatase effect of resveratrol vs. melatonin (1000x lower dosage; left) and anti-proliferative (=anti-growth) effects of melatonin in breast cancer cells (Chottanapund. 2014)
    As the data in Figure 1 shows, this nasty side effect of the presence of testosterone and the fat aromatase factories, the BAFs, was countered by both melatonin and resveratrol, albeit at different levels of the "drug".

    for resvertrol the scientists needed a concentration of 20┬ÁM, i.e. 20 microMol = 0.000002 Mol and thus 1000x more(!) than for melatonin
    for meltonin a concentration of 20nM, i.e. 20 nanoMol = 0.000000002 Mol was sufficient

    Now that alone is pretty astonishing. In the end, you could argue, however, that it would only confirm what we already knew: Resveratrol is a much less potent "wonderdrug" than the hype in mainstream media makes it look like.

    What really makes the results outstanding, though, is that melatonin was as potent as letrozole, the most potent antiaromatase inhibitor the publicly available pharmaceutical arsenal knows in suppressing cell proliferation, estradiol (E2) production and gene expression of CYP19A1, pS2andKi-67. No wonder that the Thai authors of the paper at hand are convinced that "melatonin clearly offers potential advantages for breast cancer treatment". And this assumption is supported by both the often-reported association between increased breast cancer risk and shift work and the inverse correlation between the risk of breast cancer and urinary melatonin levels Eva S. Schernhammer and Susan E. Hankinson report in a 2005 paper - a correlation, which remained significant even when the women who had a history of night-shift were excluded!

  2. #2
    quality deep sleep is very important in all aspects of life. without sleep everything suffers

  3. #3
    Quote Originally Posted by GODZILLA View Post
    quality deep sleep is very important in all aspects of life. without sleep everything suffers
    to me it really caught my eye due to working nightshift and having a psychotic circadian rhythm. maybe a dose of melatonin during the day when i sleep may have some therapeutic benefit. besides the stuff is cheap like Borscht

  4. #4
    try, the better sleep you are getting the better it will be for you in general, so cannot hurt to try

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